Home > Rocket > How to make a Bottle Rocket - Full Instructions

How to make a Bottle Rocket - Full Instructions

Habboin 29/11/2021 Rocket 332
Did you know you can make and launch a water bottle rocket using just a plastic bottle, water, cork, needle adaptor and pump?How to make a Bottle RocketHow do water bottle rockets work?As you pump air...

Did you know you can make and launch a water bottle rocket using just a plastic bottle, water, cork, needle adaptor and pump?How to make a Bottle Rocket - Full Instructions

How to make a Bottle Rocket

How do water bottle rockets work?

As you pump air into the bottle the pressure inside the bottle builds up until the force of the air pushing on the water is enough to force the cork out of the end of the bottle. The water rushes out of the bottle in one direction whilst the bottle pushes back in the other. This results in the bottle shooting upwards.How to make a Bottle Rocket - Full Instructions

Water Bottle Rocket

What you need to make a bottle rocket

an empty plastic bottlecardboard made into a cone and4 finsa corka pump with a needle adaptorwater

You can buy a kit with the parts apart from the pump and the bottle – please check the contents before buyingHow to make a Bottle Rocket - Full Instructions

UK: https://amzn.to/2MBJuqj

US: https://amzn.to/2MBdfaS

Bottle Rocket Holder

Instructions – how to make a bottle rocket

Push the needle adaptor of the pump through the cork, it needs to go all the way through so you might have to trim the cork a little bit.How to make a Bottle RocketDecorate the bottle with the cone and fins.Fill the bottle one quarter full of water and push the cork in tightly.Take the bottle outsideand connect the pump to the needle adaptor. Ours wouldn’t stand up on the fins so we rested it on a box, but if you make some strong fins it should stand up by itself.Pump air into the bottle, making sure all spectators stand back, the bottle will lift off with force after a few seconds.Bottle Rocket

Warning!

Please make sure an adult is around as the rocket takes off very suddenly and forcefully as you can see in this video clip. Do not approach the rocket once you have started pumping even if it looks like nothing is happening.How to make a Bottle Rocket - Full Instructions

VIDEO

Why does the water bottle rocket launch?

As you pump air into the bottle pressure builds up inside. If you keep pumping, the force of the air pushing on the water eventually becomes strong enough to force the cork out of the bottle allowing water to rush out in one direction while the the bottle pushes back in the other direction. This forces the rocket upwards.How to make a Bottle Rocket - Full Instructions

Space rockets work in a similar way to the bottle, but instead of squirting water they burn fuel to make a powerful jet of hot gas. The force of the gasdownwards pushes the rocket upwards. This is a great demonstration of Newton’s Third Law.

Water Bottle Rocket

What is Newton’s Third Law?

Newton’s Third Law says:

‘for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction’

Who was Issac Newton?

Issac Newton was an English scientist most famous for his theory of gravity, but he also worked out three laws of motion to describe how objects move. You can find out more about the Three Laws of Motion in my book, This Is Rocket Science which has lots of activities to demonstrate all three laws based around rockets and space.

More Rocket Experiments

Find out how to make a rocket mouse

Make a film canister rocket

Try one of these other easy air pressure experiments, including making a fake lung, a barometer and a coin popper!

Can you show a friend how to make a bottle rocket?

This Is Rocket Science – Space Experiments for Kids

For more fun rocket science activities check out our new book This Is Rocket Science

Water powered bottle rocket

Affiliate links

Images taken from This Is Rocket Science